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Lesson Transcript

Becky: Hi everyone. I’m Becky. Welcome back to VietnamesePod101.com This is the Absolute Beginner series, Season 1, Lesson 7 - Which Vietnamese Company Do You Work For?
Huyen: Xin chào! I’m Huyen.
Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn about jobs in Vietnamese. The conversation takes place at a workshop and is between Mai and Susan.
Huyen: They’re meeting for the first time so, they’ll be using formal Vietnamese.
Becky: Let’s listen to the conversation.
Mai: Chị làm nghề gì?
Susan: Tôi làm giáo viên, Còn chị ?
Mai: Tôi làm về ngành marketing.
Susan: Chị làm ở công ty nào vậy?
Mai: Công ty Sony.
Mai: What do you do?
Susan: I’m a teacher. And you?
Mai: I’m in marketing.
Susan: What company are you working for?
Mai: Sony.
Becky: In Vietnam, students are likely to enter business schools because business-related jobs are believed to be popular and pay very well. What are the top business-related jobs, Huyen?
Huyen: Let’s see...auditing, banking, business administration and sales...
Becky: How about technology?
Huyen: That’s another hot industry. Students with an IT major can find a good job more easily than others.
Becky: Right. It’s difficult to enter universities of technology or business, as business or IT universities often set high requirements in order to enter. So, high-school students are more likely to choose universities based on what industry is hot, rather than on their own capabilities and desires.
Huyen: That’s so true, Becky. You really know your stuff!
Becky: I’ve done my research! Okay, now let’s move on to the vocab.
Becky: Let’s take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is...
Huyen: ...Làm.
Becky: “To do”, “to work”, or “to make”. This verb can be used in many different contexts. In this lesson, we learn one of its meanings, which can be translated as “to work as”. For example...
Huyen: ...Tôi làm bác sĩ.
Becky: “I’m a doctor” or “I work as a doctor.”
Huyen: Tôi làm kỹ sư.
Becky: “I’m an engineer” or “I work as an engineer.”
Huyen: Next is nghề.
Becky: “Profession” or “job”
Huyen: Then we have ngành...
Becky: ...which means “industry”.
Huyen: Ngành and nghề are usually combined to make the compound noun ngành nghề...
Becky: ...which means “profession” or “career” in general. Can you give us some examples?
Huyen: Sure. Nhà giáo là nghề cao quý.
Becky: “Teaching is an honourable profession.”
Huyen: Tôi làm về ngành máy móc.
Becky: “I’m in mechanics.”
Huyen: Bố tôi hướng dẫn tôi chọn ngành nghề.
Becky: “My dad guided me in the choice of my career.” Okay, now onto the grammar.
Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about jobs in Vietnamese.
Huyen: To ask about someone’s job, you can say Bạn làm nghề gì?
Becky: “What do you do?” “What’s your job?” In the dialogue, the two speakers meet for the first time. Therefore, they speak formal Vietnamese.
Huyen: And since they are both female, the question starts with the pronoun chị, meaning “you” for females.
Becky: For men, you can use the pronoun...
Huyen: ...anh.
Becky: Then you can say the verb which means “to do” or “to work”...
Huyen: ...which is làm.
Becky: The next word…
Huyen: ...nghề...
Becky: ...means “job”, and then the question word…
Huyen: ...gì, meaning “what” comes at the end. Chị làm nghề gì?
Becky: There are three ways to answer this question.
Huyen: Firstly, you can say Tôi làm and then the name of the job.
Becky: That means “I work as” or “I do” and the job.
Huyen: From the dialogue, we had Tôi làm giáo viên as a reply.
Becky: “I work as a teacher.”
Huyen: The second way to answer is Tôi là and the name of the job.
Becky: Which would mean “I am” and name of the job.
Huyen: For example, you can also say Tôi là giáo viên.
Becky: “I am a teacher.”
Huyen: The third way is Tôi làm về and the industry.
Becky: “I work in” or “I’m in” and the industry.
Huyen: In the dialogue, you can hear Tôi làm về ngành marketing.
Becky: “I’m in the marketing industry.” Now let’s hear some more examples.
Huyen: Tôi là nhà báo.
Becky: “ I’m a journalist.”
Huyen: Tôi làm kỹ sư.
Becky: “I work as an engineer.”
Huyen: Tôi làm về quảng cáo.
Becky: “I’m in advertising.”


Becky: Okay, that’s it for this lesson. For more vocabulary about jobs, check the lesson ntoes. And we’ll see you again next time. Bye!
Huyen: Tạm biệt!