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Must-Know Terms for Family Members

Must-Know Terms for Family Members

Từ vựng thông dụng về gia đình.
32 Words • 9 Comments
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husband
chồng (n)
husband
người chồng hay giúp đỡ vợ
helpful husband
5 More Examples ▾
chồng (n)
husband
6 Examples ▾
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son
con trai (n)
son
cha và con trai
father and son
5 More Examples ▾
con trai (n)
son
6 Examples ▾
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daughter
con gái (n)
daughter
Đây là con gái của tôi.
This is my daughter.
2 More Examples ▾
con gái (n)
daughter
3 Examples ▾
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grandmother
(n)
grandmother
bà nội
paternal grandmother
2 More Examples ▾
(n)
grandmother
3 Examples ▾
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younger sister
em gái (n)
younger sister
Em gái tôi đã sang Anh để học tập.
My younger sister went to England to study abroad.
3 More Examples ▾
em gái (n)
younger sister
4 Examples ▾
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wife
vợ (n)
wife
vợ và mẹ
wife and mother
4 More Examples ▾
vợ (n)
wife
5 Examples ▾
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sister
chị gái, em gái (n)
sister
chị gái, em gái (n)
sister
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younger brother
em trai (n)
younger brother
Em trai tôi thường nói mơ khi ngủ.
My younger brother often talks in sleep.
4 More Examples ▾
em trai (n)
younger brother
5 Examples ▾
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mother
mẹ (n)
mother
Những đứa trẻ đang hôn mẹ chúng.
The children are kissing their mother.
mẹ (n)
mother
1 Example ▾
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father
cha (n)
father
Cha của Mario là ai?
Who is Mario's father?
1 More Example ▾
cha (n)
father
2 Examples ▾
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grandfather
ông (n)
grandfather
ông ngoại
maternal grandfather
3 More Examples ▾
ông (n)
grandfather
4 Examples ▾
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child
đứa trẻ (n)
child
bọn trẻ
children
6 More Examples ▾
đứa trẻ (n)
child
7 Examples ▾
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cousin
anh chị em họ (n)
cousin
Chị em họ của tôi tên là Erica.
My cousin's name is Erica.
2 More Examples ▾
anh chị em họ (n)
cousin
3 Examples ▾
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sister-in-law
chị chồng, chị vợ (n)
sister-in-law
chị chồng, chị vợ (n)
sister-in-law
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family
gia đình (n)
family
bức ảnh gia đình
family picture
1 More Example ▾
gia đình (n)
family
2 Examples ▾
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grandson
cháu trai (n)
grandson
cháu nội của tôi
my grandson
1 More Example ▾
cháu trai (n)
grandson
2 Examples ▾
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niece
cháu gái (n)
niece
cháu gái của tôi Sarah
my niece Sarah
1 More Example ▾
cháu gái (n)
niece
2 Examples ▾
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granddaughter
cháu gái (n)
granddaughter
cháu gái bé nhỏ
little granddaughter
1 More Example ▾
cháu gái (n)
granddaughter
2 Examples ▾
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grandchild
cháu (n)
grandchild
cháu (n)
grandchild
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parent
cha mẹ (n)
parent
cha mẹ (n)
parent
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mother-in-law
mẹ vợ (n)
mother-in-law
mẹ vợ (n)
mother-in-law
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father-in-law
bố vợ (n)
father-in-law
bố vợ (n)
father-in-law
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brother-in-law
anh rể (n)
brother-in-law
anh rể (n)
brother-in-law
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grandparent
ông bà (n)
grandparent
ông bà (n)
grandparent
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older brother
anh trai (n)
older brother
anh trai (n)
older brother
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uncle
Chú (n)
uncle
Chú (n)
uncle
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aunt
cô, dì (n)
aunt
cô, dì (n)
aunt
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great-grandmother
bà cụ (n)
great-grandmother
bà cụ (n)
great-grandmother
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great-grandfather
ông cụ (n)
great-grandfather
ông cụ (n)
great-grandfather
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brother
anh, em trai (n)
brother
anh, em trai (n)
brother
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nephew
cháu trai (n)
nephew
cháu trai (n)
nephew
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partner
vợ chồng (n)
partner
vợ chồng (n)
partner
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9 Comments Sign In to leave a comment. :smile: :disappointed: :flushed: :grin: :unamused: :sunglasses: :angry: :laughing: :sweat_smile: :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: :wink: :sob: :innocent: :sleeping: :open_mouth: :smiling_imp: :heart: :thumbsup:
avatar Daniel Hong Tuesday at 3:48 am

Hi Huyền,

In that sense, it is very convenient.

Daniel Hong

avatar VietnamesePod101.com Monday at 10:02 pm

Hi Daniel,

Yeah, that is quite correct. With the individual words which create grammars, they doesn’t sound like Chinese word with the same meaning. But you will be surprised and it is interesting when you study more academic words or read newspaper, you will find Vietnamese words (especially nouns) with similar pronunciation with Chinese words, such as: kinh tế (the economy) - Jīngjì , quốc tế (international ) - guójì, Hàn Quốc ( Korea ) - hánguó, Trung Quốc ( China ) - zhōngguó, …
It is so convenient , isn’t it?

Huyền
Team VietnamesePod101.com

avatar Daniel Hong Tuesday at 10:28 pm

Hi Huyền,

Most of these individual words are not like the [Mandarin] Chinese words. The structure of the languages are almost identical.

Daniel Hong

avatar VietnamesePod101.com Tuesday at 9:07 pm

Chào anh Mark Young,

That’s right ! Đúng vậy ạ. “grand daughter” và “niece” đều là “cháu gái”. Cũng tương tự, “grand son” và “nephew” đều là “cháu trai” .

Best,
Huyền
Team VietnamesePod101.com

avatar VietnamesePod101.com Tuesday at 8:09 pm

Hi Daniel Hong,

Yes, they are similar. I think you will find out many words in Vietnamese that sound similar like Chinese or Japanese because all those languages have Kanji. But in Vietnam, we don’t use the Kanji in writing system anymore. It will be easier for you to remember the sounds of those words which are similar like Chinese words, right?

Hope you enjoy your time studying Vietnamese with us!

Best,
Huyền.
Team VietnamesePod101.com

avatar Mark Young Monday at 6:41 pm

Nên cháu gái có nghĩ là cả hai granddaughter và niece?

avatar Thomas Stasko Monday at 2:31 pm

I lived in northern Vietnam for two years and cannot stress the importance of knowing the terms for family members! Before that, I lived in Macao for three years, where I discovered that Cantonese (广东话) is something like 30% the same thing as Vietnamese. In fact, there are several scholars I have read that consider Vietnamese to be nothing more than a dialect of Chinese.

avatar Daniel Hong Monday at 1:23 pm

My favorite word is 《 gia đình 》. It comes straight from the Chinese word 《 家庭 》. It also gives me great memories of times when my entire family is together doing things.

avatar vietnamesepod101 Friday at 4:22 pm

Hi Listeners! What is your favorite Family Member word? Let us know!