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Vocabulary

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11 Comments

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VietnamesePod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hello again! How would you say 3254 dong in Vietnamese?

David
Friday at 9:58 pm
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While I was in Hanoi I never heard anyone say "ngàn". Only "nghìn"

aidriano
Monday at 7:46 pm
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Thank you for your response. My question related not to the usage of ngàn/nghìn, but to the "(Northern)" which had appeared beside a number of words, such as "đồng". I note that it has now been removed, I think its removal answers my question.

vietnamesepod101.comVerified
Monday at 7:30 pm
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Hi Aidriano,


So, to say "thousand" in Vietnamese, we have two words: "ngàn" or "nghìn". The word "ngàn" is used mostly in the Middle and the South of the country. And "nghìn" is usually used in the North.


For example : For "10.000 dong."

People from the Middle or the South say: "mười ngàn đồng"

People from the North say: "mười nghìn đồng"

Both words mean "thousand".


Cheers,

Huyen

Team VietnamesePod101.com

aidriano
Thursday at 6:22 pm
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Could you please explain the usage of "(Northern)" beside a number of words in both the lesson notes and vocabulary to this lesson? Surely "đồng", for example, is the word used for the currency throughout the country and not just in the North?

VietnamesePod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 1:03 pm
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Hi Andrew,


You are right, "lăm"(also "nhăm", which may be used by some people) is only used when it comes at the end of the number. For example 25 (hai mươi lăm), 475 (bốn trăm bảy mươi lăm, 1015 (một nghìn không trăm mười lăm).


"năm" is used when it is on its own (5) or comes at the beginning of the number (52 - năm mươi hai, 500 - năm trăm, 5400 - năm nghìn bốn trăm)


The only exception is when there is zero (0) before 5, even if 5 comes at the end of the number, it is still said as "năm".

For example: 105 (một trăm lẻ năm), 705 (bảy trăm lẻ năm), 2005 (hai nghìn không trăm lẻ năm)


I hope this explanation is clear to you.

Have a nice day,

Giang

Team VietnamesePod101.com

Andrew
Tuesday at 3:53 am
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Xin Chào,


I'm confused because I notice there's two ways of saying "five"


lăm & năm


Which situation do I use when using either of those two words above?

Like for example, "lăm" can only be use at the end of the huge number? like 1235, 1245, 1255?

and "năm" can only be use if it's on it's own or a big number like 50, 500 or 5000?


Sorry if my question is not written correctly.


Thank you!

VietnamesePod101.comVerified
Thursday at 1:42 am
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Hi Daniel,


Thank you for your question.

There is no special term for ten thousand in Vietnamese.

We use the same rule as in English (separated by 3 digits, not 4 digits like Chinese or Japanese)

So "ten thousand" is always "mười ngàn" or "mười nghìn" ("ngàn" or "nghìn" means "thousand")


Cheers,

Giang

Team VietnamesePod101.com

Daniel Hong
Monday at 10:26 am
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Hello Giang,


Is there a special term for ten thousand? I know China uses a different term for ten thousand, but what about in Vietnam?


Thank you,

Daniel Hong

VietnamesePod101.comVerified
Monday at 2:29 pm
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Chào Eileen,


Cảm ơn bạn đã trả lời.

Your answer is almost perfect. The only thing should be corrected is the tone mark for "trăm" (hundred). It should be "trăm", NOT "trám". The rest of your answer is all correct.

The full answer is: "ba ngàn/nghìn hai trăm năm mươi bốn".

There are two ways to say "thousand" which are "ngàn" and "nghìn". And you are right, they can be used interchangeably and there is no rule. It is based on speaking habit. But "nghìn" is used more in written texts.


Cheers,

Giang

Team VietnamesePod101.com

Eileen
Monday at 7:57 am
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Xin Chào Giang,

Câu trả lời ̣(the answer is)

ba ngàn hai trám năm mươi bốn.


There appears to be more than one word for '1000' because on the Vietnamese 5000 dong bill they use the word nghín. Is there a rule for when you should use them or are they interchangeable?


Cảm ơn,

Eileen