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Lesson Transcript

Xin chào, tôi là Giang Hi everybody! I’m Giang.
Welcome to VietnamesePod101.com’s “3 phút học tiếng Việt”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Vietnamese.
In the last lesson, we learned the numbers from one to ten. Do you remember? Here, I'll remind you:
Một, hai, ba, bốn, năm, sáu, bảy, tám, chín, mười!!
And now let’s continue from eleven.
Mười một.
[slowly] mười một.
Mười hai.
[slowly] mười hai.
Mười ba
[slowly] mười ba.
Mười bốn.
[slowly] mười bốn.
Mười lăm
[slowly] mười lăm.
Mười sáu.
[slowly] mười sáu.
Mười bảy.
[slowly] mười bảy.
Mười tám.
[slowly] mười tám.
Mười chín
[slowly] mười chín.
And finally we have:
hai mươi
[slowly] hai mươi.
Okay, now repeat after me. I'll say the numbers and give you time to repeat each one.
mười một (pause)
mười hai (pause)
mười ba (pause)
mười bốn (pause)
mười lăm (pause)
mười sáu (pause)
mười bảy (pause)
mười tám (pause)
mười chín (pause)
hai mươi
It’s quite simple right? Start with mười -- “ten”, then add the numbers from one to nine right after it in order to get 11 through 19. The only exception is 15. Instead of mười năm you should say mười lăm -- so “l” instead of “n”. "Twenty” is easy too! Just combine two and ten. hai mươi. Notice that the tone for ten is changed here, mươi, not “mười”.
Let’s not stop at 20! Counting to one hundred is super easy! Now I'll give you the tens:
Hai mươi
[slowly] Hai mươi
Ba mươi
[slowly] Ba mươi
Bốn mươi
[slowly] Bốn mươi
Năm mươi
[slowly] Năm mươi
Sáu mươi
[slowly] Sáu mươi
Bảy mươi
[slowly] Bảy mươi
Tám mươi
[slowly] Tám mươi
Chín mươi
[slowly] Chín mươi
Một trăm
[slowly] Một trăm
Again, the rule for forming the tens is easy.
We’ve just learned that “twenty” is hai mươi, and this rule works the same for numbers from 30 to 90. Simply add the numbers from 3 to 9 before mươi. So “30” is ba mươi, “50” is năm mươi, “90” is chín mươi, and so on. That’s it!
Finally, 100 is “một trăm”. Một means “one” and trăm means “hundred”.
[slowly] Một trăm
The last thing we’ll learn today is how to form compound numbers above twenty. This is also super easy!
Take the tens and simply add the numbers from 1 to 9, which you learned in the previous lesson.
Let’s try it out.
How would you say “fifty-six” in Vietnamese? Let’s take it step-by-step. "Fifty" is năm mươi, and then add "six", sáu.
Năm mươi sáu! It’s done! Isn’t that easy?
Let’s make another number, for instance, "ninety-eight."
Take "ninety", chín mươi, and add "eight", tám:
Chín mươi tám.
One last tricky part – the changes in the spelling and pronunciation of 1 and 5. In compound numbers, "One" changes from một to mốt. For example, “21” is hai mươi mốt, “31” is ba mươi mốt, and so on. This is not the case, however, for 11. Just say mười một - “ten one”.
As for the number 5, the rule you learned about 15 holds true all the way to 95: năm becomes lăm. Again, “15” is mười lăm, “25” is hai mươi lăm, and so on.
This is the official way to say these numbers in Vietnamese. But in daily conversation, you don’t even need to add mươi in the middle. So “21” becomes hai mốt - "two one", 37 becomes ba bảy, and 45 becomes bốn lăm. Just like that. Easy to remember, right?
After only two lessons, you are now able to count to one hundred in Vietnamese!
In the next lesson we are going to put your number knowledge to use! Do you have all the skills you need to go shopping in Vietnam? If not, I'll be waiting for you in our next 3 phút học tiếng Việt lesson.
Tạm biệt!

3 Comments

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VietnamesePod101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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How high can you count in Vietnamese? 

VietnamesePod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 05:33 PM
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Hi Josef,


Thank you for your comment, "K" is commonly used to replace "thousand" (as in numbers or price tags) to shorten the number down. Though some young people use it in speaking these days but I would say it's not that common among a wide range of Vietnamese speakers. Hope this helps and let us know if you have any further questions.


Sincerely,


Khanh

Team VietnamesePod101.com

Josef
Saturday at 04:43 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

I noticed that 000 is commonly expressed as "k". Is it something you would find only on price tags or does it also show up in spoken language, and if so, what would be the phonetics for it?

tks

Josef