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Lesson Transcript

Xin chào, tôi là Giang. Hi everybody! I’m Giang.
Welcome to VietnamesePod101.com’s “3 phút học tiếng Việt”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Vietnamese.
In the last lesson, we learned how to use the verb đi which means "to go" in Vietnamese.
In this lesson, we will continue our series dedicated to common Vietnamese verbs.
Our second verb is làm, which means "to do."
So imagine someone asks you Bạn đang làm gì thế?
That means "What are you doing?"
So if you are doing your homework, for example, you will say Tôi đang làm bài tập về nhà.
So let’s break down this answer.
Tôi is "I"
Next we have đang, which is added before the main verb to express an action in progress.
Làm means “to do”
And bài tập về nhà means "homework."
Let's talk a little about this word đang, which you put before a main verb to say that you are doing something right now.
If someone asks you to come and give him a hand but you are busy cooking a meal, you can say Xin lỗi, tôi đang nấu ăn! which literally means "Sorry, I am cooking a meal!" Nấu ăn means “to cook" or "to prepare a meal”, and when you put đang before it, you’re expressing that the action is in progress.
So now, let’s have a broader look at what you can say with this verb làm.
It is one of the most useful verbs in Vietnamese, because you can say many things with it.
It can mean "to make”, “to build” or “to create"
For example-
làm nhà: build a house
làm bánh: make a cake
làm vườn: do the gardening
làm thơ: write a poem
It can mean "to work", as in
Tôi đang làm việc - “I’m working”
It can also be used to refer to a responsibility, duty or function.
làm bác sĩ: work as a doctor/be a doctor
làm mẹ: be a mother
làm chủ ngữ: functions as the subject of the sentence
làm đòn bẩy: be the driving force behind something
Another common meaning of làm is “to hold, to organize an event”
làm lễ khánh thành: organize an opening ceremony
làm cỗ: prepare a feast
Now it’s time for Giang’s Insights.
In spoken Vietnamese, làm can be used to express daily activities like eating, drinking or playing. For example-
làm một cốc bia: drink a glass of beer
làm một giấc: go to sleep
làm một ván bài: play cards
This way of speaking expresses your excitement and readiness to act. You will definitely surprise Vietnamese people if you say things like this. But remember that they are very informal.
In this lesson, we learned how to use the verb làm. I'm sure this will help you a lot!
Next time we’ll learn another interesting verb, thích.
Do you know what this means? I’ll be waiting for you in the next 3 phút học tiếng Việt lesson.
Tạm biệt!