Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Eric: Welcome to 3-Minute Vietnamese Season 1, Lesson 19 - Going Without. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to make essential negative statements in Vietnamese.
Body
Eric: Here's the way to say "I don't have a pen." in Vietnamese.
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Tôi không có bút.
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning "I"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Tôi [Slow] Tôi
Eric: Next is the determiner meaning "no” or “not"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] không [Slow] không
Eric: Next is the verb meaning "to have"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] có [Slow] có
Eric: Last is the noun meaning "pen"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] bút [Slow] bút
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning "I don't have a pen."
Hoang Anh: [Slow] Tôi không có bút. [Normal] Tôi không có bút.
Eric: Ok, now let's take a look at the way to say "I don't have time."
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Tôi không có thời gian.
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning "I"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Tôi [Slow] Tôi
Eric: Next is the determiner meaning "no” or “not"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] không [Slow] không
Eric: Next is the verb meaning "to have"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] có [Slow] có
Eric: Last is the noun meaning "time"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] thời gian [Slow] thời gian
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning "I don't have time."
Hoang Anh: [Slow] Tôi không có thời gian. [Normal] Tôi không có thời gian.
Eric: Next up is the way to say "I don't know."
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Tôi không biết
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning "I"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Tôi [Slow] Tôi
Eric: Next is the determiner meaning "no” or “not"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] không [Slow] không
Eric: Last is the verb meaning "to know"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] biết [Slow] biết
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning "I don't know."
Hoang Anh: [Slow] Tôi không biết [Normal] Tôi không biết
Eric: And finally, here is a way to say "I don't understand."
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Tôi không hiểu.
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning "I"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Tôi [Slow] Tôi
Eric: Next is the determiner meaning "no” or “not"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] không [Slow] không
Eric: Last is the verb meaning "to understand"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] hiểu [Slow] hiểu
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning "I don't understand."
Hoang Anh: [Slow] Tôi không hiểu. [Normal] Tôi không hiểu.
Cultural Insight
Eric: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Hoang Anh: Không which means “no” or “not” is pronounced as hông in southern Vietnamese. So if you talk to a Southerner, you may hear them say Tôi hông có bút to mean “I don't have a pen” or Tôi hông có thời gian to mean “I don't have time.” However, hông has no meaning in standard Vietnamese and is only spoken dialect. In writing, only không with k is accepted as correct.

Outro

Eric: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!
Hoang Anh: Tạm biệt.

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Monday at 06:30 PM
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Let's practice here! Try translating this statement: 'I don't have it.'