Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Eric: Welcome to 3-Minute Vietnamese Season 1, Lesson 18 - Possession. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about possession in Vietnamese.
Body
Eric: Here's the informal way to ask "Do you have a pen?" in Vietnamese.
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Bạn có bút không?
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning "you"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] bạn [Slow] bạn
Eric: Next is the verb meaning "to have"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] có [Slow] có
Eric: Next is the noun meaning "pen"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] bút [Slow] bút
Eric: Last is the question word meaning "no” or “not"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] không [Slow] không
Eric: Listen again to the informal question meaning "Do you have a pen?"
Hoang Anh: [Slow] Bạn có bút không? [Normal] Bạn có bút không?
Eric: Ok, now let's take a look at the formal way to ask "Do you have a pen?"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Anh có bút không?
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning "you”
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Anh [Slow] Anh
Eric: Next is the verb meaning "to have"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] có [Slow] có
Eric: Next is the noun meaning "pen"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] bút [Slow] bút
Eric: Last is the question word meaning "no” or “not"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] không [Slow] không
Eric: Listen again to the formal question meaning "Do you have a pen?"
Hoang Anh: [Slow] Anh có bút không? [Normal] Anh có bút không?
Eric: Next is the way to say "Yes, I have one."
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Có, tôi có một cái.
Eric: First is an interjection meaning "Yes"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Có [Slow] Có
Eric: Next is the pronoun meaning "I"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] tôi [Slow] tôi
Eric: Next is the verb meaning "to have"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] có [Slow] có
Eric: Next is the number "one"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] một [Slow] một
Eric: Last is the noun classifier denoting a thing or an object.
Hoang Anh: [Normal] cái [Slow] cái
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning "Yes, I have one."
Hoang Anh: [Slow] Có, tôi có một cái. [Normal] Có, tôi có một cái.
Eric: And finally, here is a way to say "Yes, here you are."
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Có, đây bạn nhé.
Eric: First is an interjection meaning "Yes"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] Có [Slow] Có
Eric: Next is the adverb meaning "here"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] đây [Slow] đây
Eric: Next is the pronoun meaning "you"
Hoang Anh: [Normal] bạn [Slow] bạn
Eric: Last is the sentence-ending particle to attract the other person's attention to one's words in an intimate way.
Hoang Anh: [Normal] nhé [Slow] nhé
Eric: Listen again to the phrase meaning "Yes, here you are."
Hoang Anh: [Slow] Có, đây bạn nhé. [Normal] Có, đây bạn nhé.
Cultural Insight
Eric: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Hoang Anh: In Vietnamese, a generous person willing to lend or give others their own things is called người hào phóng. On the contrary, a person who is stingy with possessions is called người keo kiệt. Also, thần giữ của meaning “a god who keeps his own possessions” is a fun thing to call someone who always has an eye on their things and never feels safe when in the hands of others.

Outro

Eric: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!
Hoang Anh: Tạm biệt.

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Monday at 06:30 PM
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How would you say 'Do you have a book?'